What is a fracture?
A fracture is a condition in which there is break in the continuity of the bone. In younger individuals, these fractures are caused from high energy injuries, as from a motor vehicle accident. In older people, the most common cause is weak and fragile bone.
In general Dr Keene does not treat major knee fractures which are best managed in our wonderful public hospital system that is equipped for these injuries from road traffic and other severe trauma situations.
Acute Sports Injury Fractures
However, some sports injuries if severe enough can involve small fractures into the joint surfaces.
While these small fractures are serious enough they are usually relatively easy to treat as part of the overall treatment of the basic knee injury (usually ligament). Sometimes small cracks in the bone (reported as fractures on MRI) that are undisplaced, do not need surgery and are best managed by allowing natural fracture healing to occur.
How is a knee fracture diagnosed?
Diagnosis is made through your medical history, physical examination, and other diagnostic imaging tests. X-rays are taken to know whether the bone is intact or broken. X-rays are also helpful to know the type and location of fracture. We may also recommend a computerized tomography (CT) scan to know the severity of fracture.
What are the treatment options for sports injury related acute knee fracture?
As outlined above treatment options for sports injury related fractures include non-surgical and surgical. Non-surgical treatment involves often involves rest +/- crutches. Surgery involves internal fixation with small screws and plates.
The most common complications of surgery include infection, knee stiffness, delayed bone healing, and knee arthritis.